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1. Course title

Dynaaminen oseanografia
Dynamisk oceanografi
Dynamic Oceanography

2. Course code


Aikaisemmat leikkaavat opintojaksot 53545 Dynaaminen oseanografia, 5 op

3. Course status: optional

-Which degree programme is responsible for the course?
Master's Programme in Atmospheric Sciences

-Which module does the course belong to?
ATM300 Advanced Studies in Atmospheric Sciences (optional for Study Track in Geophysics of the Hydrosphere)

-Is the course available to students from other degree programmes?

4. Course level (first-, second-, third-cycle/EQF levels 6, 7 and 8)

Master’s level, degree programmes in medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine = secondcycle
degree/EQF level 7
Doctoral level = third-cycle (doctoral) degree/EQF level 8

-Does the course belong to basic, intermediate or advanced studies (cf. Government Decree
on University Degrees)?
Advanced studies

5. Recommended time/stage of studies for completion

-The recommended time for completion may be, e.g., after certain relevant courses have
been completed.

6. Term/teaching period when the course will be offered

The course will be lectured every other year (even years) in the II period.

7. Scope of the course in credits

5 cr

8. Teacher coordinating the course

9. Course learning outcomes

-Description of the learning outcomes provided to students by the course
- See the competence map (

The aim of the course is to learn how physical processes govern the ocean circulation and stratification. After the course the students will be aware of principles governing water flows on large terrestrial scales and the methods by which these flows can be simulated on the computer. They can apply these theoretical descriptions of ocean physics to solve problems related to climate and/or long-term predictability, for example, and interpret the solutions obtained.

10. Course completion methods

-Will the course be offered in the form of contact teaching, or can it be taken as a distance
learning course?
-Description of attendance requirements (e.g., X% attendance during the entire course or
during parts of it)
-Methods of completion

11. Prerequisites

-Description of the courses or modules that must be completed before taking this course or
what other prior learning is required

FYS1010-FYS1012 Mathematics for Physicists I-III or corresponding knowledge

FYS2075 Basics in Oceanography

12. Recommended optional studies

-What other courses are recommended to be taken in addition to this course?
-Which other courses support the further development of the competence provided by this

13. Course content

  1. Equations governing geophysical flows
  2. Geostrophic flows and vorticity dynamics
  3. Boussinesq approximation
  4. Ekman layer
  5. Barotropic waves
  6. Stratification and layered models
  7. Internal waves
  8. Large-scale ocean circulation
  9. Ocean interior and abyssal circulation

14. Recommended and required literature

Required literature: Cushman-Roisin B. & Beckers J.-M. (2011) Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (2nd Ed.); Pond S. & Pickard G.L. (1983) Introductory Dynamical Oceanography (2nd Ed.)

Recommended literature: Apel J.R. (1987) Principles of Ocean Physics; Vallis G.K. (2017) Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics

15. Activities and teaching methods in support of learning

-See the competence map (
-Student activities
-Description of how the teacher’s activities are documented

Lectures and exercises.

16. Assessment practices and criteria, grading scale

-See the competence map (
-The assessment practices used are directly linked to the learning outcomes and teaching
methods of the course.

Exam and exercises. Grading 1-5.

17. Teaching language

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