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1. Course title


2. Course code


Aikaisemmat leikkaavat opintojaksot 53632 Mesometeorologia, 3 op

3. Course status: compulsory

-Which degree programme is responsible for the course?
Master's Programme in Atmospheric Sciences

-Which module does the course belong to?
ATM300 Advanced Studies in Atmospheric Sciences (compulsory for Study Track in Meteorology)

-Is the course available to students from other degree programmes?

4. Course level (first-, second-, third-cycle/EQF levels 6, 7 and 8)

Master’s level, degree programmes in medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine = secondcycle
degree/EQF level 7
Doctoral level = third-cycle (doctoral) degree/EQF level 8

-Does the course belong to basic, intermediate or advanced studies (cf. Government Decree
on University Degrees)?
Advanced studies

5. Recommended time/stage of studies for completion

  1. or 2. year in MSc studies

6. Term/teaching period when the course will be offered

The course will be lectured every year in the IV period.

7. Scope of the course in credits

5 cr

8. Teacher coordinating the course

Marja Bister

9. Course learning outcomes

-Description of the learning outcomes provided to students by the course

- See the competence map (

Understanding instability mechanisms and applying them to mesometeorological phenomena 

Understanding when and why a phenomenon is hydrostatic

Understanding the reasons and consequences of dynamic and buoyancy related nonhydrostatic pressure gradients in mesoscale phenomena

Understanding the physical formation mechanisms and dependence on different factors of  boundary layer phenomena, frontal rain, mesoscale cyclones, deep moist convection and associated phenomena, hazards associated with deep convection (e.g. tornadoes), hurricanes and orographic phenomena.

10. Course completion methods

-Will the course be offered in the form of contact teaching, or can it be taken as a distance
learning course?
-Description of attendance requirements (e.g., X% attendance during the entire course or
during parts of it)
-Methods of completion


11. Prerequisites

-Description of the courses or modules that must be completed before taking this course or
what other prior learning is required

Atmospheric thermodynamics and Introduction to atmospheric flow dynamics are required.

Dynamics of atmospheric flow structures I and II are recommended as prior courses, but not required.

12. Recommended optional studies

-What other courses are recommended to be taken in addition to this course?
-Which other courses support the further development of the competence provided by this

Synoptics I and II

Convective weather  systems and climate is recommended if the student wants to learn more about atmospheric deep convection and hazards caused by it.

13. Course content

-Description of the course content

Scale analysis
Nonhydrostatic vs hydrostatic phenomena
Dynamic and  buoyancy related nonhydrostatic pressure anomalies and their consequences
Static, inertial, symmetric and shear instabilities
Boundary layer: convection in boundary layer, orographic precipitation, sea-land breeze, low level jet, Blackadar mechanism, coastal convergence, coastal snow storms, lake effect
Frontal rain, mesolows
Deep convection and associated phenomena including initiation of convection, elevated convection, convective parameters, single cell, multicell and supercell convection, propagation of convection and effect of shear on it, mesocyclone formation in a supercell, propagation of supercells as a result of nonhydrostatic pressure gradient associated with "spin" and shear, MCSs, MCCs, bow echo, squall lines, tornadoes and their formation mechanism, downdrafts, hail, tropical cyclones
Orographic phenomena

14. Recommended and required literature

-What kind of literature and other materials are read during the course (reading list)?
-Which works are set reading and which are recommended as supplementary reading?

Lecture notes, handouts, and figures  from Markowski and Richardson: Mesoscale meteorology in midlatitudes

Supplementary material: Markowski and Richardson: Mesoscale meteorology in midlatitudes  and two research papers by Hannu Savijärvi

15. Activities and teaching methods in support of learning

-See the competence map (
-Student activities
-Description of how the teacher’s activities are documented

Weekly lectures,  a couple of  short guest lectures by FMI researchers/meteorologists

16. Assessment practices and criteria, grading scale

-See the competence map (
-The assessment practices used are directly linked to the learning outcomes and teaching
methods of the course.

Grade is based on final exam

17. Teaching language

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