Page tree
Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata


1. Course title

Merijään geofysiikka
Geofysik av havsis
Sea ice geophysics

2. Course code


Aikaisemmat leikkaavat opintojaksot 53500 Merijään geofysiikka, 5 op

3. Course status: optional

-Which degree programme is responsible for the course?
Master's Programme in Atmospheric Sciences

-Which module does the course belong to?
ATM300 Advanced Studies in Atmospheric Sciences (optional for Study Track in Geophysics of the Hydrosphere)

-Is the course available to students from other degree programmes?

4. Course level (first-, second-, third-cycle/EQF levels 6, 7 and 8)

Master’s level, degree programmes in medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine = secondcycle
degree/EQF level 7
Doctoral level = third-cycle (doctoral) degree/EQF level 8

-Does the course belong to basic, intermediate or advanced studies (cf. Government Decree
on University Degrees)?
Advanced studies

5. Recommended time/stage of studies for completion

6. Term/teaching period when the course will be offered

The course is offered in autumn every 2nd year in period IV.

7. Scope of the course in credits

5 cr

8. Teacher coordinating the course

9. Course learning outcomes

The course overall goal is to provide adequate knowledge on sea-ice geophysics which can be related to many important applications, such as winter navigation, weather and climate, so that participants will obtain skills to apply the sea-ice geophysics to solve problems associated with these applications.

After this course, the participants:

  1. Can describe the structure and forms of sea ice, and discuss about physical processes related to their formation.
  2. Explain the role of thermodynamics in the evolution of sea-ice cover, particularly the thermal growth and decay of ice. Related to this, apply analytical solutions to resolve problems related to sea-ice thermodynamics.
  3. Explain the role of dynamics in the evolution of sea-ice cover including motion, rheology and deformation. Related to this, apply analytical solutions to resolve problems related to sea-ice dynamics.
  4. Design and execute simulations with thermodynamic-dynamic sea-ice models and analyze their output.
  5. Discuss about the role of sea ice in the Earth's climate.

10. Course completion methods

The course consists of lectures, group work, exam and exercises.

11. Prerequisites

ATM335 Geophysics of Snow and Ice

12. Recommended optional studies

Geophysics of snow and ice

Physical oceanography

13. Course content

  1. Fundamentals of sea-ice geophysics
  2. Thermodynamics: sea-ice properties, melt and optics
  3. Dynamics: stress, rheology, deformation, equation of momentum
  4. Sea-ice coupling with ocean and atmosphere
  5. Sea-ice and climate

14. Recommended and required literature

  • Cerrieres, T., et al. (2017) Sea ice analysis and forecasting: towards an increased reliance on automated prediction systems
  • Thomas D.N. (2017) Sea ice.
  • Leppäranta M. (2011) The drift of sea ice.

15. Activities and teaching methods in support of learning

Lectures, excursions, exercises and group work including reporting and presentation.

16. Assessment practices and criteria, grading scale

Activity, group work, exam and exercises. Grading 1-5.


17. Teaching language

  • No labels