Child pages
  • SMEAR II measurements, Hyytiälä
Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

Users of data should start at AVAA SmartSMEAR.

Some of the tables contain data availability column that indicates the location of end-user data:

  • "AVAA" = SmartSMEAR
  • "PI" = contact the responsible researcher
  • other = folder on smear disk (accessible in UH network)

Consult atm-data for further details.

ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOLS


QUANTITY

LOCATIONTIME RESOLUTIONMETHODTEMPORAL COVERAGE
Particle size distribution (1- 3 nm; at 35 m height)TOWER (35 m)1 sParticle Size Magnifier (PSM)4/ 2014-
Particle size distribution (1- 3 nm; at 2 m height)CONTAINER1 sParticle Size Magnifier (PSM)4/ 2014-
Particle size distribution (1- 3 nm; at 2 m height)CONTAINER1 sParticle Size Magnifier (PSM)4/2014-
Clusters composition and concentration (1.5 m)CONTAINER1 sHigh-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometer (CI-API-TOF)8/2016-
Clusters composition and concentrationTOWER (35 m)1 sHigh-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometer (CI-API-TOF)4/2014-
Air ion mobility distribution (0.93-3.9 nm; at 2 m height)HITU-HUT10 minAir Ion Spectrometer (AIS)21/3/2003 - 11/4/2004, 11/8/2004-29/1/2008 (transferred to a new cabin at 8/10/2004)
Air ion mobility distribution (0.4-7.5 nm; 2 m)REA-HUT10 minBalanced Scanning Mobility Analyzer (BSMA)23/3/2003-
Mobility distribution of ions (0.8-42 nm) and size distribution of aerosol particles (2-42 nm)TOWER (35 m)1 minNeutral Cluster and Air Ion Spectrometer (NAIS)23/3/2009-
Mobility distribution of ions (0.8-42 nm) and  size distribution of aerosol particles (2-42 nm) at 2 m heightHITU-HUT1 minNeutral Cluster and Air Ion Spectrometer (NAIS)6/3/2009-
Air ion mobility distribution (0.4-7.5 nm)TOWER (18 m)2 minSymmetric Inclined Grid Mobility Analyzer (SIGMA)2/3/2011- 27/03/2012
Aerosol particle number size distribution (3 - 1000 nm)TOWER (35 m)10 minTwin Differential Mobility Particle Sizer (DMPS) with Condensation Particle Counters3/2014-
Aerosol particle number size distribution (3-1000 nm; 8 m)HITU-HUT10 minTwin Differential Mobility Particle Sizer (DMPS) with Condensation Particle Counters1996-
Aerosol particle number size distribution (10 - 1000 nm) and  size distribution of positive and negative ions CONTAINER
Differential Mobility Particle Sizer with Condensation Particle Counter (Bipolar Hauke DMPS) 11/2020-9/2021
Aerosol particle number size distribution (1 - 1000 nm) and  size distribution of positive and negative ions CONTAINER
Differential Mobility Particle Sizer with Condensation Particle Counter, Particle Size Magnifier and electrometer (Bipolar Halfmini DMPS) 11/2020-9/2021
Aerodynamic particle size distribution (0.5- 20 µm; 5 m)HITU-HUT10 minAerodynam ic particle sizer APS TSI 3320spring 2004-
Aerodynamic particle size distribution (0.5- 15 µm; 5 m)HITU-HUT5 minUV-Aerodynamic particle sizer, TSI 331428/8/2009- 14/4/2011
Size classified mass collection, Impactor (0- 10 µm; 5 m)HITU-HUT3 daysDEKATI PM10 impactor > 10 um, 10 - 2.5 um, 2.5 - 1 um, < 1 um particle sizes11/2/1999 - 10/10/2000 (with three stage impactor) 10/10/2000 - (with modified four stage impactor)
Aerodynamic size distribution, electrical impactor (30 nm - 10 µm; 5 m)HITU-HUT1 min0.03 - 10 um particle sizes, 12 channels, ELPI Dekati5/2005- 27/10/2016
Aerosol particle scattering coefficient (5 m)HITU-HUT10 minNephelometer, TSI 35631/6/2006-
Number of particles able to form into cloud droplets (8 m)HITU-HUT1 secClouD Condensation Nuclei Counter (CCN-100)7/2007-
Charged and non-charged particles (5 m)HITU-HUT36 secIoniDMPS, TSI 3025A15/3/2005- 12/10/2010
Hygroscopicity (5 m)HITU-HUT5 minHTDMA, TSI 37854/2008- autumn 2009
Particle volatility (8 m)HITU-HUT20 minTwin Differential Mobility Particle Sizer (DMPS) with Condensation Particle Counters and oven28/2/2007-
PM10 Particle mass concentration (5 m)HITU-HUT1 minThermo Scientific 5030 SHARP Monitor6/2011-
Particle concentration (5 m)HITU-HUT1 secAerodyne Research CAPS PMex Monitor5/1/2012- 5/9/2016
Black Carbon particle mass concentration (5 m)HITU-HUT1 minThermo Electron CARUSSO / MAAP 5012 Black Carbon Monitor1/11/2012-
Particle absorption coefficient (5 m)HITU-HUT1 minParticle Soot Absorption Photometer (PSAP)12/10/2011- 10/3/2016
Light absorption by particles (5 m)HITU-HUT
Continuous Light Absorption Photometer (CLAP)01/2018-
Black carbon mass concentration (5 m)HITU-HUT10 minMagee Scientific Company Aethalometer8/12/2004-27/2/2018



Magee Scientific Aethalometer AE33-712/3/2018-
Aerosol optical depthTOWER (35 m)
Cimel CE-318 sunphotometer2/2008-
Chemical composition (3 m)CONTAINER30 minACSM14/11/2012-
Chemical composition (3 m)CONTAINER4 hoursOCEC9/2009-10/2019
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) samplerPHOTO1-TOWER (17 m)
Sampling twice a week with Tenax tubes?- 2007
Burkard bio aerosol samplerRAD-TOWER (18 m)2 hour (with microscope)Continuous sampling, during March - September (impactor)12/9/2002 - 30/9/2011
EMEP, Nitrogen & Sulphur compounds (2 m)HITU-HUT3 days3-fraction filter sampler?- 12/2010
PM10, PAH (2 m)HITU-HUT1 dayMCZ Micro-PNS-S7 filter sampler27/10/2008 - 28/2/2011

HITU-HUT 2 daysMCZ Micro-PNS-S7 filter sampler28/2/2011 - 31/3/2015

FMI-CONTAINER2 daysMCZ Micro-PNS-S7 filter sampler31/3/2015 -
PM10 Heavy metals (Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, V, Zn)FMI-CONTAINER7 daysMCZ Micro-PNS-S7 filter sampler2017 -
PM10 Main ions (SO2-S, SO4-S, (HNO3+NO3)-N, (NH3+NH4)-N, Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cl)FMI-CONTAINER7 days3-stage EMEP filter sampler2017 -


FOREST ECOPHYSIOLOGY AND PRODUCTIVITY


 QUANTITYLOCATIONTIME RESOLUTIONMETHODTEMPORAL COVERAGEDATA AVAILABILITY
Fluorescence of the canopyRAD-TOWER (18 m)1 sec2 * Ocean Optics USB2000+ Spectrometers (up and down)3/2010- 10/11/2015PI
Clorophyll fluorescence (and PAR) of pine needles from several points (up to 6)PHOTO1-TOWER (17 m)1 sec - 10 minWalz MONI-HEAD/4853/2007-PI
Clorophyll fluorescence (and PAR) of pine needles from several points (up to 6)PHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)1 sec - 10 minWalz MONI-HEAD/4855/2018-PI
Clorophyll fluorescence (and PAR) of pine needles from several points (up to 6)PHOTO3-TOWER1 sec - 10 minWalz MONI-HEAD/4856/2021-PI
Exchange of gases (CO2, H2O, VOC, NO, NOx, O3) by shoots (various heights)PHOTO1-TOWER (17 m)15-30 minClosing cuvettes, teflon tubes and gas analyzers

1997, VOC since 2005

Ended in 2015

AVAA (API),
Photo
Exchange of gases (CO2, H2O, VOC, NO, NOx, O3) by shoots (various heights) inc. T and PARPHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)15-30 minClosing cuvettes, teflon tubes and gas analyzers2014-  (NO/NOx analyzer removed 1/2015, O3 analyzer removed 6/2016)Photo
Exchange of 12CO2, 13CO2 and H2O by shoots and stems (various levels)PHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)15-30 minClosing cuvettes, teflon tubes and Isotopic Carbon Dioxide Analyzer6/2017-3/2021Photo
Exchange of gases (CO2, H2O, VOC) by stems (various levels) inc. T and PARPHOTO1-TOWER (17m)30 minSteady state cuvettes, teflon tubes and gas analyzers2001-, VOC 2013-Photo
Exchange of gases (CO2, H2O, VOC) by stems (various levels) inc. T and PARPHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)30 minSteady state cuvettes, teflon tubes and gas analyzers2014-Photo
Stem temperature (various levels)PHOTO1-TOWER (17 m)1 minThermoelement Not anymorePI
Stem temperature (various levels)PHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)1 minThermoelement 2017-PI
Stem temperature (treebox 1, various levels)PHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)1 minPt10012/2019-
Stem temperature (treeboxes 2-4, various levels)PHOTO3-TOWER 1 minPt10012/2019-
Stem temperature (treeboxes 5-9, various levels)FOREST1 minPt10012/2019-
Sap pressurePHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)
Pressure transducer2016-PI
Sapflow (various levels)PHOTO1-TOWER (17 m)1 minThermal dissipation probes (Granier method) 15/7/1997-Tree_dynamics
Sapflow (various levels)PHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)1 minThermal dissipation probes (Granier method)
AVAA (API)
Sapflow (various levels, treebox 1)PHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)1 minThermal dissipation probes (Granier method)12/2019-
Sapflow (various levels, treeboxes 2-4)PHOTO3-TOWER1 minThermal dissipation probes (Granier method)12/2019-
Sapflow (various levels, treeboxes 5-9)FOREST1 minThermal dissipation probes (Granier method)12/2019-
Diameter change (various levels)PHOTO1-TOWER (17 m)1 minLinear displacement transducer (Solartron) 30/5/2001-PI
Diameter change (various levels)PHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)1 minLinear displacement transducer (Solartron)
PI
Diameter change (various levels, treebox 1)PHOTO2-TOWER (18 m)1 minLinear displacement transducer (Solartron)12/2019-
Diameter change (various levels, treeboxes 2-4)PHOTO3-TOWER1 minLinear displacement transducer (Solartron)12/2019-
Diameter change (various levels, treeboxes 5-9)FOREST1 minLinear displacement transducer (Solartron)12/2019-
Circumference change (various levels)PHOTO1-TOWER (17 m)
ELPA sensorNot anymore-
Shoot and needle growth (various levels)PHOTO1-TOWER (17 m)
Potentiometric sensor (KFIRAOS)Not anymore-
Stem diameter change of 7 pinesFOREST15 minOnline band dendrometers29/4/2010- 5/11/2014database_EU
Branch litter collectorsFOREST1 yearOn the ground 7/1996-ancillary_ecosystem
Litter collectionFOREST30 daysLitter collectors 6/1996-ancillary_ecosystem
Litter collectionICOS CP14 / 30 daysLitter collectors11/2018-ICOS CP
Ground vegetation gas exchangeCATCHMENT30 min-3 hClosing cuvettes, see Forest floor fluxes

Ground vegetation 12 CO2, 13CO2 and H2O exchangeCATCHMENT30 min-3 hClosing cuvettes and Isotopic Carbon Dioxide Analyzer6/2017-3/2021
Reflection spectrum of pine needles (at 15 m height)PHOTO1-TOWER (17 m)
ASD FieldSpec HH spectrometerNot anymore, terminated at autumn 2004PI
Photochemical reflectance index (31 m height)MAST (127 m)1 min2 x Skye SKR 1800 (in and out)11/2009-AVAA
Photochemical reflectance index (35 m height)TOWER (35 m)5 min5 x Decagon SRS (2 x in and 3 x out)3/2015 - 10/2016decagon
Normalized difference vegetation index (31 m height)MAST (127 m)1 min2 x Skye SKR 1800 (in and out)11/2009-AVAA
Normalized difference vegetation index (35 m height)TOWER (35 m)5 min5 x Decagon SRS (2 x in and 3 x out)3/2015 - 10/2016decagon
Root growthCatchment1 day1-5 Epson perfection scanners2017-
Shoot length growthPHOTO-TOWERS3 x / weekManual measurement2002 - (during growing season)
Needle length growthPHOTO-TOWERS3 x / weekManual measurement2002 - (during growing season)
Tree heightCatchment1 yearManual measurement (Vertex)

Tree diameterCatchment1 yearManual measurement (tree caliper)

Foliage nutrientsICOS CP1/2 yearNeedle sampling2018, 2021ICOS data portal

Foliage leaf mass / area ratio

ICOS CP1/2 yearNeedle sampling2018, 2021ICOS data portal
Leaf Area IndexICOS CP3 per growing seasonDigital hemispherical photograps2018-ICOS data portal
Fine woody litterICOS CP1 yearSample collection from 1 m2 plots (one per CP)2019ICOS data portal
Coarse woody litterICOS CP1 yearMeasurement from 3 25,24 m lines per CP2019ICOS data portal
Surface vegetationICOS CP1 yearSample collection from 5 0,0625 m2 plots per CP2019ICOS data portal
UnderstoreyICOS CP1 yearMeasurement from  5 1 m2 plots per CP2019ICOS data portal


SOIL AND WATER BALANCE


QUANTITYLOCATIONTIME RESOLUTIONMETHODTEMPORAL COVERAGEDATA AVAILABILITY
Snow collectors (winter)CATCHMENT14 daysBucket collectors + chemical analysis 1/1997-Snow
Snow depth (winter)CATCHMENT7 daysManual measurement at seven locations 1/1997-Snow
Snow water content (winter)CATCHMENT14 daysManual measurement at seven locationswinter 2004-Snow
Snow depthFIELD1 minJenoptik SHM30 optical snow depth sensor, FMI1/2014-AVAA
Water collectorsCATCHMENT14 daysChutes and canisters + chemical analysis1997-
Water collectorsRAD-TOWER (18 m)14 daysBucket collectors + chemical analysis1997-2017ancillary_ecosystem

TOWER (35 m)14 daysBucket collectors + chemical analysis2017-
Stemflow (summer)CATCHMENT
Sampling with bottlesTerminated at spring 2001, started again at summer 2003, terminated at 2008
Soil temperature (depths of 0-1.6 m)CATCHMENT15 minThermistor (Philips)1997-AVAA
Soil temperature (depths of 0-0.75 m)ICOS PLOTS1 minDelta-T ST4 at four locations and 5-6 depths8/2017-AVAA
Soil water potential (depths of 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 1, 1.3, 1.6 m)CATCHMENT15 minTensiometer (Transinstruments)1/1997- 2012
Soil matric potential (depths of 0.05-0.5 m)CATCHMENT15 minDelta-T-Devices EQ2 Equitensiometer16/6/2005-AVAA
Soil water content (depths of 0-1.6 m)CATCHMENT30 minTime domain reflectometer (Tektronix)9/5/1997 - 12/2004AVAA
Soil water content (depths of 0-1.6 m)CATCHMENT30 minTime domain reflectometer (Campbell TDR 100)1/2005-AVAA
Soil water content (depths of 0-0.75 m)ICOS PLOTS1 minDelta-T ML3 at four locations and 4-5 depths8/2017-AVAA
Soil solution (depths of 0-1.6 m)CATCHMENT30 daysLysimeters (Prenart Equipment), + chemical analysis5/1997-ancillary_ecosystem
Amount of CO2, CH4 and N2O (seven depths)CATCHMENT
Sampling with subsequent analysisNot during summer 2002 ? Terminated.ancillary_ecosystem
Heat capacity and conductivity (0.8 m)CATCHMENT6 hStainless steel sonde 23/11/1999-18/2/2008
Outflow from the areaCATCHMENT1 minFlowmeters in two dams, + chemical analysis 7/6/1997-AVAA
CO2 concentration in the ground (four depths)CATCHMENT1 minVaisala Carbocap GMP3439/6/2004- 14/6/2017
CO2, 13CO2 and CH4 concentrations in the ground (four depths)CATCHMENT7 minPicarro G1101-i laser spectrometer8/2014-10/2019Picarroc13
Soil CO2, N2O and CH4 exchange (MASA)CATCHMENT1 dayClosing cuvette (1 hour closures), automatic sampling to vials8/2006- 9/2015 (not during winters)Soil_dynamics
Soil moisture (depths: humus, 10, 25, 50 cm; MASA)CATCHMENT5 secTheta-probes1/2/2007-AVAA
Temperature (depths: humus, 10, 25, 50 cm; MASA)CATCHMENT5 secTermocouples20/10/2006-AVAA
Forest floor CO2 and VOC fluxesCATCHMENT3 hClosing cuvettes, teflon tubes and gas analyzers1997-2020Photo
Forest floor CO2 fluxesCATCHMENT30 minClosing cuvettes, Vaisala GMP343 CO2 analyzersSpring 2007-12/2020Soil_dynamics
Forest floor CO2, CH4 and H2O fluxesCATCHMENT1 hClosing chambers at six locations and Picarro G1301 gas analyzer2/2021-
Forest floor CO2 fluxesCATCHMENT14 - 30 daysManual chamber measurements at 12-16 locations and Vaisala GMP343 CO2 analyzer

Forest floor CH4 and N2O fluxesCATCHMENT14 - 30 daysManual chamber measurements at six locations, Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS)

Soil heat fluxCATCHMENT1 minHukseflux HFP01 heat plates at four locations2005-2017AVAA
Soil heat fluxICOS PLOTS1 minHukseflux HFP01 heat plates at four locations8/2017-AVAA


METEOROLOGY


QUANTITYLOCATIONTIME RESOLUTION
METHODTEMPORAL COVERAGE
Temperature (4.2, 8.4, 16.8, 33.6, 50.4 and 67.2 m)MAST (127 m)1 minVentilated and shielded sensor (Pt-100)1996-
Temperature and RH profile (27, 21.6, 16.7, 12.5, 8.8, 5.8, 3.3, 1.5, 0.4 m)MAST (127 m)1 sRotronic HygroClip (HC2-S3C03-PT15)10/2018-
Temperature (16.8 m)MAST (127 m)
Rotronic RS12T / RS24T, HygroMet MP102H-530300, HygroClip2 (HC2-S)9/2012 - 8/2017

MAST (127 m)
Rotronic RS12T / RS24T, HygroMet MP102H-530300, HygroClip2 (HC2-S3)24/8/2017-
Temperature (67.2 m)MAST (127 m)
Rotronic RS24T, HygroMet MP102H-530300, HygroClip2 (HC2-S)9/2012 - 9/2017

MAST (127 m)
Rotronic RS24T, HygroMet MP102H-530300, HygroClip2 (HC2A-S3)26/9/2017-
Temperature (125 m)MAST (127 m)
Rotronic RS12T / RS24T, HygroMet MP102H-530300, HygroClip2 (HC2-S)9/2012-
Air temperature (1.5 m)FIELD10 sPt 100 resistance, Vaisala dewpoint transmitter1/2018 -
Air humidity (1.5 m)FIELD10 sVaisala dewpoint transmitter1/2018 -
Wind speed (4.2, 8.4, 16.8, 33.6, 50.4 and 67.2 m)MAST (127 m) 1 minVector A101M/L cup anemometer1996 - 4/9/2003
Wind speed (33.6 m)MAST (127 m)1 minVector A101M/L cup anemometer5/9/2003 - 2013
Wind direction (16.8, 33.6 and 50.4 m)MAST (127 m) 1 minVector W200P wind vane1996 - 4/9/2003
Wind speed and direction (8.4, 16.8, 33.6 and 74.0 m)MAST (127 m)1 minThies Ultrasonic Anemometer 2D5/9/2003- 11/7/2011
Wind speed and direction (8.4, 16.8, 33.6 and 67.2 m)MAST (127 m)1 minThies Ultrasonic Anemometer 2D11/07/2011-
Wind speed and direction (67.2 m)MAST (127 m)0.1 sMetek uSonic -3 Anemometer11/2015-
Wind speed and direction (125 m)MAST (127 m)0.1 sMetek uSonic -3 Anemometer10/2015-
Wind speed and direction (1.5 m)FIELD0.1 sGill 3D sonic anemometer1/2014 -
Wind speed and direction (3 m)FIELD1 sVaisala 2D sonic anemometer12/2017-
Dew point temperature (23 m)MAST (127 m)1 minchilled mirror dew point monitor4/1998 



General Eastern Hygro E44/1998 - 10/2010
Ambient pressure (0 m)MAST (127 m)1 minDruck DPI 260 barometer1996-
Ambient pressure (30 m)MAST (127 m)10 secVaisala PTB210 barometer9/2015-
Ambient pressure (2 m)FIELD1 minMetallic aneroid capsule capacitance, Vaisala PA-11, FMI11/2017-
Dew point temperature (16 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)1 minchilled mirror dew point monitor7/2011



EdgeTech Model 200M Meteorological System7/2011 - 1/2017
Dew point temperature (35 m)TOWER (35 m)1 minEdgeTech Model 200M Meteorological System14/2/2017-
Relative humidity (16 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)1 minHYgroclip2 probe6/2012- 17/1/17
Relative humidity (35 m)TOWER (35 m)
Hygroclip2 probe14/2/2017-
Relative humidity and temperature (16 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)
Rotronic humidity and temperature sensor MP102H6/2012- 17/1/2017
Relative humidity and temperature (35 m)TOWER (35 m)5 secRotronic humidity and temperature sensor MP102H14/2/2017-
Rain (18 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)15 min (1 min)Vector ARG-100 tipping bucket rain gauge8/1996- 1/2017
Rain (35 m)TOWER (35 m)1 secVector ARG-100 tipping bucket rain gauge3/7/2018-
Surface Wetness Sensor (18 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)15 min (1 min)Vaisala DRD 11-A raindetector8/1996- 1/2017
Visibility, precipitation, temperature (35 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)1 minVaisala FD12P Weather sensor5/4/2005-17/9/2019

TOWER (35 m)1 minVaisala FD12P Weather sensor17/9/2019-
Rain (2 m)CATCHMENT1 minVector ARG-100 tipping bucket rain gauge7/6/1997-
Total precipitation (intensity and accumulation) (1.5 m)FIELD1 minBucket weighing, OTT Pluvio2, 400 sq.cm, Tretyakov added with surrounding Alter wind shield, NASA12/2013-
Total precipitation (intensity and accumulation) (4 m)FIELD1 minBucket weighing, OTT Pluvio2, 200 sq.cm, Tretyakov wind shield, inside DFIR, NASA12/2013-
Surface precipitation, particle size distribution (4 m)FIELD1 minOptical distrometer, Ott Parsivel2, FMI (2 instruments)12/2013-

FIELD1 min2D video distrometer (particle video imaging), Joanneum research, FMI1/2014-
Surface precipitation, particle size and shape (1 m)FIELD1 minParticle video imaging, PIP, NASA12/2013-
Surface precipitation, particle size and shape (2 m)FIELD1 minParticle holographic imaging, SAKU III, University of Oulu3/2016- 6/2020
Vertical profile of rain (0.5 m)FIELD10 sMicrowave backscatter, FM-CW K-band radar, Metek MRR-212/2013- 9/2019
Vertical profile of hydrometeors (1 m)FIELD3 s (adjustable)Microwave backscatter, pulsed polarimetric Ka-band cloud radar, Metek MIRA 36, FMI10/2016-

FIELD3 s (adjustable)Microwave backscatter, FM-CW polarimetric W-band cloud radar, RPG FMCW-9410/2017-
Vertical profile of hydrometeors (5 m)FIELD3 s (adjustable)Microwave backscatter, pulsed polarimetric C-band cloud radar, EEC WSR-81C + Vaisala AMR9/2016-
Vertical profile of temperature and humidity (1 m)FIELD100 s (adjustable)Microwave and thermal infrared radiometry, RPG HATPRO3/2018-
Wind velocity profileROOF
Sound Detection and Ranging3/2000?- 11/2008
Cloud heightROOF16 secLIDAR14/09/2006-
Cloud heightHITU-HUT (platform)16 secCeilometer2002-9/2021

FIELD16 sec ?Ceilometer9/2021-
Boundary layer height, vertical wind profileROOF
Halo Photonics Streamline Lidar

1/1/2013-


SOLAR AND TERRESTRIAL RADIATION


QUANTITYLocationTime resolutionMETHODTEMPORAL COVERAGE
Solar radiation spectrum (280 - 580 nm wavelength)A-BUILDING ROOF30 minBentham radiospectrometer14/2/2003 - 8/2020
UV-A (18 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)1 minSolar SL 501A pyranometer, range 320 - 400 nm

1996- 14/2/2017

UV-A (37 m)TOWER (35 m)<1 minSolar SL 501A pyranometer, range 320 - 400 nm14/2/2017-
UV-B (18 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)1 minSolar SL 501A pyranometer, range 280 - 320 nm

1996- 14/2/2017

UV-B (37 m)TOWER (35 m)<1 minSolar SL 501A pyranometer, range 280 - 320 nm14/2/2017-
Global shortwave radiation (18 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)1 minReemann TP 3 pyranometer, range 300 - 4800 nm

1996- 15/6/2008

Global shortwave radiation (37 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)1 minMiddleton solar SK08 pyranometer15/6/2008 - 14/2/2017

TOWER (35 m)1 minMiddleton solar SK08 pyranometer14/2/2017- 24/8/2017

TOWER (35 m)<1 minMiddleton solar EQ08-S pyranometer25/8/2017-
Global shortwave radiation (125 m)MAST (127 m)1 minMiddleton SK08 pyranometer, range 300 - 4800 nm20/09/2011-19/12/2017
Diffuse shortwave radiationRAD-TOWER (18 m)1 minReemann TP 3 pyranometer with shading ring, range 300 - 4800 nm

15/3/2000- 18/3/2010

Reflected global radiation (70 m)MAST (127 m)1 minReemann TP 3 pyranometer, range 300 - 4800 nm?- 20/09/2011
Incoming and reflected global radiation (70 m)MAST (127 m)<1 minKipp & Zonen CNR4 net radiometer5/10/2017-
Reflected global radiation (125 m)MAST (127 m)1 minMiddleton SK08 pyranometer, range 300 - 4800 nm20/09/2011-
PAR, total (37 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)1 min

Li-Cor LI -190SZ quantum sensor, range 400 - 700 nm

1996- 14/2/2017


TOWER (35 m)1 minLi-Cor LI -190SZ quantum sensor, range 400 - 700 nm14/2/2017-

TOWER (35 m)<1 minLI-Cor LI-190SL14/2/2017-

RAD-TOWER (18 m)<1 minDelta T Sunshine Sensor BF515/11/2014- 14/2/2017

TOWER (35 m)<1 minDelta T Sunshine Sensor BF514/2/2017-
Diffuse PAR (37 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)1 minDelta T Sunshine Sensor BF312/2009 - 11/2014

RAD-TOWER (18 m)<1 minDelta T Sunshine Sensor BF515/11/2014- 14/2/2017

TOWER (35 m)<1 minDelta T Sunshine Sensor BF514/2/2017-
Reflected PAR (70 m)MAST (127 m)1 minLi-Cor LI -190SZ quantum sensor, range 400 - 700 nm9/1996 - 9/2017

MAST (127 m)<1 minLI-190/R29/9/2017-
Longwave (thermal infrared) radiation in and out (33 m)MAST (127 m)1 minKipp & Zonen CNR111/2009-
Longwave (thermal infrared) radiation in and out (70 m)MAST (127 m)<1 minKipp & Zonen CNR410/2017-
Net radiation (70 m)MAST (127 m)1 minReemann MB 1 net radiometer?- 20/09/2011

MAST (127 m)1 minKipp & Zonen NRLite2 net radiometer6/2014 - 9/2017
Direct sun radianceTOWER (35 m)
Cimel sun photometer7/2/2008-
PAR below canopy (0.7 m)FOREST10 sec4x Li-Cor LI -190SZ quantum sensors on the stationary boom1/11/2003-, 'maapar'
PAR below canopy (0.7 m)FOREST15 sec15 x Apogee SQ-100 sensors24/6/2010-28/5/2019, 'canpar'
PAR below canopyICOS PLOTS
Li-Cor Li-190 at 4 plots, 4 sensors per plot10/2018-
Net radiation below canopyFOREST10 sec2 x Reeman MB-1 net radiometers1/11/2003- 201x
PAR distribution within the canopy (8.3, 8.9, 9.5, 10.1, 10.7 m)FOREST10 sec168 PAR sensors attached to a separate mastsummers of 1998-2000, 'valoharava'
PAR distribution below the canopy (0.7 m)FOREST10 secPAR sensors on the portable boomssummer 2004, ' valoharava'


AMBIENT CONCENTRATIONS


QUANTITYLOCATIONTIME RESOLUTION
METHODTEMPORAL COVERAGE
CO2, H2O and CH4 concentration (16.8, 67.2 and 125m) MAST (127 m)1 min @ 6 min intervalSynflex sample lines and Picarro G1301 CRDS2/2012 - 10/2014
CO2, H2O, CH4 and CO concentration (16.8, 67.2 and 125m)MAST (127 m)1 min @ 6 min intervalSynflex sample lines and Picarro G2401 CRDS 10/2014 -
O3 concentration (eight heights)MAST (127 m)1 min @ 6 min intervalTeflon sample lines, one gas analyser (UV absorbtion)since 1996

MAST (127 m)
TEI 491996 - May 2004

MAST (127 m)
TEI 49CMay 2004 -
SO2 concentration (eight heights)MAST (127 m)1 min @ 6 min intervalTeflon sample lines, one gas analyser (UV fluorescence)since 1996

MAST (127 m)
TEI 43BS1996 - January 2004

MAST (127 m)
TEI 43CTLJanuary 2004 - September 2010

MAST (127 m)
TEI 43i-TLESeptember 2010 -
NO & NOx concentration (eight heights)MAST (127 m)1 min @ 6 min intervalTeflon sample lines, one gas analyser (chemiluminescence + NO2 to NO converter)since 1996

MAST (127 m)
TEI 42S with molybdenum converter1996 - August 1996

MAST (127 m)
TEI 42CTL with molybdenum converterAugust 1996 - Feb 2007

MAST (127 m)
TEI 42CTL with photolytic converterMarch 2007 - April 2011

MAST (127 m)
TEI 42iTL with photolytic converterMay 2011 -
H2O concentration (eight heights)MAST (127 m)1 min @ 6 min intervalTeflon sample lines, one gas analyser (infra red absorbtion)1996 - December 2017

MAST (127 m)
URAS 41996 - September 2011

MAST (127 m)
LI-840September 2011 - December 2017
CO2 concentration (eight heights)MAST (127 m)1 min @ 6 min intervalTeflon sample lines, one gas analyser (infra red absorbtion) 1996 - December 2017

MAST (127 m)
URAS 41996 - May 2010

MAST (127 m)
LI-840June 2010 - December 2017
CO concentration (eight heights)MAST (127 m)1 min @ 6 min intervalTeflon sample lines, one gas analyser (infra red absorbtion)since 2002

MAST (127 m)
Horiba APMA 360June 2002 - March 2010

MAST (127 m)
API 300EUMarch 2010 - January 2011

MAST (127 m)
Horiba APMA 370February 2011 - January 2016

MAST (127 m)
API 300EUFebruary 2016 -
VOC concentration (eight heights)MAST (127 m)1 min @ 6 min intervalIonicon Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometersince spring 2007
Hg -monitor (2 m)FMI-CONTAINER5 minTekran 2537X/A/B27/10/2008-
O3 -monitor (FMI; 2 m)FMI-CONTAINER
TEI 49i2017 -
NO/NO2- monitor (FMI; 2 m)FMI-CONTAINER
TEI 42i-TL2017 -
NH3 (2 m)MAIN-HUT1 secStockholm University Ammonia Instrument 2/2007- 2010
NH3 (2 m)MAIN-HUT
IMS (Ion Mobility Spectrometer)9/2007 - 11/2009
NO (one height)TOWER (35 m)30 secTeflon sample line, length 2 m, chemiluminescence gas analyser3/2016-



Ecophysics CLD 780TR3/2016 -1/2020
O3 analyserTOWER (35 m)1 minAPI 4006/2018-


FLUXES


QUANTITYLOCATIONTIME RESOLUTION
METHODTEMPORAL COVERAGE
Flux of momentum and heat (Eddy Covariance ; 46 m)MAST (127 m)30 minUltrasonic anemometer (Solent 1012R2)2/1998- 26/6/2000
Flux of momentum and heat (Eddy Covariance ; 23 m)MAST (127 m)30 minHigh frequency gas analyser (Li-Cor 6262, infra red absorbtion)3/4/1996- 28/6/2002
Flux of CO2 and H2O (Eddy Covariance; 46 m)MAST (127 m)30 minHigh frequency gas analyser (Li-Cor 6262, infra red absorbtion)2/1998- 26/6/2000
Flux of CO2 and H2O (Eddy Covariance; 23 m)MAST (127 m)30 minHigh frequency gas analyser (Li-Cor 6262, infra red absorbtion)4/1996- 12/2018
Total number concentration flux of aerosol particles (Eddy Covariance; 23 m)MAST (127 m)
Condensation Particle Counter (CPC)3/1997-9/2019
Total number concentration flux of aerosol particles (Eddy Covariance; 23 m)FLUX-TOWER (23 m)
Condensation Particle Counter (CPC 3750)12/2020-
Flux of momentum and heat (Eddy Covariance; 18 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)30 minUltrasonic anemometer (Solent HS1199)8/2001-3/2019
Flux of momentum and heat (Eddy Covariance; 23 m)FLUX-TOWER (23 m)
Ultrasonic anemometer (Metek)4/2020-
Flux of CO2 and H2O (Eddy Covariance; 18 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)30 minHigh frequency gas analyser (Li-Cor 6262, infrared absorbtion)8/2001-3/2019
Flux of CO2 and H2O (Eddy Covariance; 23 m)FLUX-TOWER (23 m)
High frequency gas analyser (Li-Cor 7000, infrared absorbtion)starts soon..
Flux of O3 (Eddy Covariance 18 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)30 minHigh frequency gas analyser (LOZ-3, chemiluminescence)8/2001-9/2013
Size segregating number concentration flux of aerosol particlesRAD-TOWER (18 m)
Relaxed Eddy Accumulation method (REA) + Differential Mobility Particle Sizer (DMPS)11/10/2001 - 5/5/2009
Flux of momentum and heat (Eddy Covariance; 3/11 m)MAST (3 m)
Ultrasonic anemometer (Solent 1012R2)1/8/2003- 29/9/2006. Sampling level changed from 3 m to 11 m 2/6/2005. 
Flux of CO2 and H2O (Eddy Covariance; 3/11 m)MAST (3 m)30 minHigh frequency gas analyser (Li-Cor 6262, infrared absorbtion)?- 6/2012
Flux of CO2 and H2O (Eddy Covariance; 3 m)MAST (3 m)30 minHigh frequency gas analyser (Li-Cor 7000, infrared absorbtion) 6/2012- 3/1/2015
Flux of momentum and heat (Eddy Covariance; 3 m)MAST (3 m)30 minUltrasonic anemometer (Metek)?- spring 2003
Flux of momentum and heat (Eddy Covariance; 3 m)MAST (3 m)
Ultrasonic anemometer (Metek)13/10/2003- 3/1/2015
Flux of CH4 and N2O (c. 3 m)MAST (3 m)
TGA100 (infrared absorption, tunable diode laser)Terminated at spring 2003. Started again 9/2007 - 11/2008
Flux of CH4 and H2O (Eddy Covariance; 18 m)RAD-TOWER (18 m)
Picarro G1301-f (cavity ringdown spectrometer) 8/2016-7/2018
Flux of carbonyl sulfide (COS), CO2 and H2O (Eddy covariance)RAD-TOWER (18 m)30 minAerodyne Mini QCL Monitor (quantum cascade laser spectrometer)

spring 2013- 31/8/2017

Flux of carbonyl sulfide (COS) (Eddy covariance, 23 m)FLUX-TOWER (23 m)30 minAerodyne QC-Tildas4/2020-
Flux of momentum and heat (Eddy Covariance ; 27 m)MAST (127 m)30 minUltrasonic anemometer (Gill HS-50)3/2018-
Flux of CO2 and H2O (Eddy Covariance ; 27 m)MAST (127 m)30 minHigh frequency gas analyser (Li-Cor Li-7200)3/2018-
Storage change of CO2 and H2OMAST (127 m)6 minPicarro G1301-f (cavity ringdown spectrometer) with sequential sampling from 9 heights (27, 21.6, 16.7, 12.5, 8.8, 5.8, 3.3, 1.5, 0.4 m)9/2018-
Flux of momentum and heat (Sub-canopy Eddy Covariance ; 2.5 m)MAST (3 m)
Sonic anemometer (Metek u-Sonic-3 Sci)8/2019-
Flux of CO2 and H2O (Sub-canopy Eddy Covariance ; 2.5 m)MAST (3 m)
High frequency gas analyser (Li-Cor Li-7200)8/2019-


RADIATION


QUANTITYLOCATIONTIME RESOLUTIONMETHODTEMPORAL COVERAGE
RadonHITU-HUT7 daysContinuous filter sampling, filters replaced weekly1994- 2/2015
Radon -222 (6 m)FMI-CONTAINER 7 daysContinuous filter sampling, Geiger-Muller- counter11/2017-
RadonHITU-HUT1 hour
2011- (2015 ?)
RadonREA - HUT1 min
12/2017 -
Ambient radiationHITU-HUT10 min
12/2000-2015?
Ambient radiation (gamma and cosmic radiation; 2 m)FMI-CONTAINER10 minPressure ionization chamber2007-
Ambient radiation (gamma and cosmic radiation; 2 m)FMI-CONTAINER 10 min Geiger-Muller -counter2013-
Ambient radiation (total gamma radiation 100-3000 keV; 1 m)FMI-CONTAINER1 minNal(Tl) Scintillation detector2014-
Atmospheric electric field at the earth's surfaceFIELD1 minCampbell CS 110 Electric Field Meter Sensor6/2017-


DEPOSITION


QUANTITYLOCATIONTIME RESOLUTIONMETHODTEMPORAL COVERAGE
PAHHITU-HUT30 daysdeposition sampler11/2008- 3/2015

FMI-CONTAINER30 daysdeposition sampler3/2015-10/2016

FIELD30 daysdeposition sampler10/2016-
HgFMI-CONTAINER30 daysdeposition sampler6/2009-10/2016

FIELD30 daysdeposition sampler10/2016-
Main ions (pH, SJK, Cl, NO3-N, SO4-S, Na, K, Ca, Mg, NH4-N)FIELD7 daysNILU-sampler2017-
Heavy metals, trace elements (Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, V, Zn)FIELD30 daysNILU-sampler2017-
Rain/Snow sampler (summer/winter)RAD-TOWER (18 m)14 daysSampling with bottles/buckets1997 - 2017

TOWER (35 m)14 daysSampling with bottles/buckets2017-
  • No labels