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Table of Contents

1. Course title

Merijään geofysiikka
Geofysik av havsis
Sea ice geophysics


2. Course code


Aikaisemmat leikkaavat opintojaksot 53500 Merijään geofysiikka, 5 op

3. Course status: optional

-Which degree programme is responsible for the course?
Master's Programme in Atmospheric Sciences

-Which module does the course belong to?
ATM300 Advanced Studies in Atmospheric Sciences (optional for Study Track in Geophysics of the Hydrosphere)

-Is the course available to students from other degree programmes?

4. Course level (first-, second-, third-cycle/EQF levels 6, 7 and 8)

Master’s level, degree programmes in medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine = secondcycle
degree/EQF level 7
Doctoral level = third-cycle (doctoral) degree/EQF level 8

-Does the course belong to basic, intermediate or advanced studies (cf. Government Decree
on University Degrees)?
Advanced studies

5. Recommended time/stage of studies for completion

-The recommended time for completion may be, e.g., after certain relevant courses have
been completed. 4th or 5th year.

6. Term/teaching period when the course will be offered

The course is offered in autumn every 2nd year in period IV.

7. Scope of the course in credits

5 cr

8. Teacher coordinating the course


9. Course learning outcomes

1. Gain the knowledge of structure and forms of sea ice.
2. Explain the role of thermodynamics in the evolution of sea-ice cover, particularly the thermal growth and decay of ice. Related to this, obtain the skills to use analytical and numerical solutions to resolve problems related to sea-ice thermodynamics.
3. Explain the role of dynamics in the evolution of sea-ice cover including motion, rheology and deformation. Related to this, obtain the skills to use analytical and numerical solutions to resolve problems related to sea-ice dynamics.
4. Gain skills to use and analyse thermodynamic-dynamic sea-ice models.
5. Gain the skill to discuss about the role of sea ice in the Earth's climate.

10. Course completion methods

The course consists of lectures, group work, exam and exercises.


11. Prerequisites

BSc in natural sciences and FYS2075 Basic Course in Oceanography

12. Recommended optional studies

Geophysics of snow and ice

Physical oceanography

13. Course content

 See the course page at

14. Recommended and required literature


Thomas, D. N. (2017) Sea ice, John Wiley & Sons.

Cerrieres, T., et al. (2017) Sea ice analysis and forecasting : towards an increased reliance on automated prediction systems, Cambridge University Press.

Leppäranta, M. (2011) The drift of sea ice, 2nd ed. Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg.

The NEMO Sea Ice Working Group (2019) SI3 – Sea Ice modelling Integrated Initiative – The NEMO Sea Ice engine.

Gurvan Madec and NEMO System Team (2019) NEMO ocean engine, ISSN 1288-1619.

15. Activities and teaching methods in support of learning

Lectures, excursions, exercises and group work including reporting and presentation.

16. Assessment practices and criteria, grading scale


Activity, group work, exam and exercises. Grading 1-5.


17. Teaching language