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Table of Contents

1. Course title

Itämeren oseanografia
Östersjöns oceanografi
Oceanography of the Baltic Sea


2. Course code


Aikaisemmat leikkaavat opintojaksot 53540 Itämeren oseanografia I, 5 op

3. Course status: optional

-Which degree programme is responsible for the course?
Master's Programme in Atmospheric Sciences

-Which module does the course belong to?
ATM300 Advanced Studies in Atmospheric Sciences (optional for Study Track in Geophysics of the Hydrosphere)

-Is the course available to students from other degree programmes?

4. Course level (first-, second-, third-cycle/EQF levels 6, 7 and 8)

Master’s level, degree programmes in medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine = secondcycle
degree/EQF level 7
Doctoral level = third-cycle (doctoral) degree/EQF level 8

-Does the course belong to basic, intermediate or advanced studies (cf. Government Decree
on University Degrees)?
Advanced studies

5. Recommended time/stage of studies for completion

-The recommended time for completion may be, e.g., after certain relevant courses have
been completed.

Later stages of studies.

6. Term/teaching period when the course will be offered

-The course may be offered in the autumn or spring term or both.
-If the course is not offered every year, this must be indicated here.
-Specification of the teaching period when the course will be offered

Given every second year (odd years) in the spring term.

7. Scope of the course in credits

5 cr

8. Teacher coordinating the course

Laura Tuomi.

9. Course learning outcomes

-Description of the learning outcomes provided to students by the course
- See the competence map (

  • You will learn about physical oceanography of the Baltic Sea: hydrography, currents, waves
  • You will learn about processes specific to the Baltic Sea and their effect on the Baltic Sea physics and ecosystem.
  • You will understand how the Baltic Sea differs from the Oceans
  • You will learn how climate change affects the Baltic Sea oceanography

10. Course completion methods

-Will the course be offered in the form of contact teaching, or can it be taken as a distance
learning course?
-Description of attendance requirements (e.g., X% attendance during the entire course or
during parts of it)
-Methods of completion

  • Course includes lectures and exercises
  • Method of completion: Final exam.

11. Prerequisites

-Description of the courses or modules that must be completed before taking this course or
what other prior learning is required


12. Recommended optional studies

-What other courses are recommended to be taken in addition to this course?
-Which other courses support the further development of the competence provided by this

  • Descriptive and Dynamic oceanography are recommended to fully understand the specific oceanographic processes to the Baltic Sea.

13. Course content

-Description of the course content

  • History of the Baltic Sea oceanography
  • Topography and hydrography of the Baltic Sea
  • Water, heat and salt budgets
  • Circulation
  • Waves
  • Sea level
  • Sea ice
  • Specific processes
  • How climate change affects the Baltic Sea
  • Environmental aspects

14. Recommended and required literature

-What kind of literature and other materials are read during the course (reading list)?
-Which works are set reading and which are recommended as supplementary reading?

Leppäranta M. and Myrberg K., 2009. Physical oceanography of the Baltic Sea. Berliini, Heidelberg, New York: Springer-Verlag, 2009. ISBN 978-3-540-79702-9.

Myrberg K., Leppäranta M. and Kuosa H. Itämeren fysiikka, tila ja tulevaisuus. Helsinki: Yliopistopaino, 2006. ISBN 951-570-654-8.

Lecture notes

15. Activities and teaching methods in support of learning

-See the competence map (
-Student activities
-Description of how the teacher’s activities are documented

Weekly lectures, 6 exercises

16. Assessment practices and criteria, grading scale

-See the competence map (
-The assessment practices used are directly linked to the learning outcomes and teaching
methods of the course.

Final grade is based on final exam. Additional points are given if over 50% of the excercises are completed.

17. Teaching language