The course is lectured in English.
Inverse problems are about interpreting indirect measurements. The scientific study of inverse problems is an interdisciplinary field combining mathematics, physics, signal processing, and engineering.
-Sharpening a misfocused photograph
-Three-dimensional X-ray imaging (more information)
-Recovering the inner structure of the Earth based on earthquake measurements
-Reconstructing electric conductivity from current-to-voltage boundary measurements (see this page and this page)
-Finding cracks inside solid structures
-Prospecting for oil and minerals
-Monitoring underground contaminants
-Finding the shape of asteroids based on light-curve data (see this page)
The common features of all this problems are the need to understand indirect measurements and to overcome extreme sensitivity to noise and modelling inaccuracies.