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Stemmatology is the global an umbrella term denoting for all scholarly and scientific studies involving a text's genealogy and focused on textual genealogy and the creation of a stemma codicum. It is usually concerned with reconstructing such a specific stemma starting from the basis of the surviving witnesses, but may also study deal with stemmata in a more abstract sense (hence this lexicon's name). The term is usually used synonymously to stemmatics. As with many other fields, the endings -ology (from λόγος 'word, meaningful or scientific utterance') and -ic(s) (the adjective forming suffix -ικὴ with an intended feminine τέχνη 'art, field of study') tend to be used for the same purpose, namely to label a 'scientific field about X'.