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1. Course title


2. Course code

-Code in Oodi/OTM (upcoming academic administration information system) and other
systems


3. Course status: compulsory or optional

-Which degree programme is responsible for the course?
-Which module does the course belong to?
-Is the course available to students from other degree programmes?


4. Course level (first-, second-, third-cycle/EQF levels 6, 7 and 8)

-Bachelor’s level = first-cycle degree/EQF level 6
-Master’s level, degree programmes in medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine = secondcycle
degree/EQF level 7
-Doctoral level = third-cycle (doctoral) degree/EQF level 8
-Does the course belong to basic, intermediate or advanced studies (cf. Government Decree
on University Degrees)?,


5. Recommended time/stage of studies for completion


-The recommended time for completion may be, e.g., after certain relevant courses have
been completed.


6. Term/teaching period when the course will be offered


-The course may be offered in the autumn or spring term or both.
-If the course is not offered every year, this must be indicated here.
-Specification of the teaching period when the course will be offered

7. Scope of the course in credits


8. Teacher coordinating the course


9. Course learning outcomes


-Description of the learning outcomes provided to students by the course
- See the competence map (https://flamma.helsinki.fi/content/res/pri/HY350274).

After the course students are able to:

  1. Explain the general characteristics of the polar oceans, their similarities and differences.
  2. Resolve mathematically physical problems related to the polar oceans.
  3. Describe how the polar oceans interact with other seas, and with the entire climate system.
  4. Address questions such as: how important are the polar oceans to ecosystems and society; what is the future of the polar oceans?


10. Course completion methods


-Will the course be offered in the form of contact teaching, or can it be taken as a distance
learning course?
-Description of attendance requirements (e.g., X% attendance during the entire course or
during parts of it)
-Methods of completion


11. Prerequisites


-Description of the courses or modules that must be completed before taking this course or
what other prior learning is required

BSc in natural sciences


12. Recommended optional studies


ATM335 Geophysics of Snow and Ice

ATM337 Descriptive Oceanography


13. Course content


  1. Polar oceans in the climate system
  2. Hydrologic and energy balances of the polar regions
  3. Sea ice properties, formation and melt
  4. Ice-ocean boundary layer
  5. The atmosphere over the polar oceans
  6. The Arctic Ocean oceanography
  7. The Southern Ocean oceanography
  8. Changes and their implications in the polar oceans
  9. Modelling and forecasting the polar oceans and sea ice


14. Recommended and required literature


  • Thomas D.N. (2017) Sea ice
  • Peixoto J.P. & Oort A.H. (1992) Physics of Climate
  • McPhee M. (2008) Air-Ice-Ocean interaction
  • Tomczak M & Godfrey J.S. (2004) Regional Oceanography
  • ­Dijkstra H.A. (2008) Dynamical oceanography


15. Activities and teaching methods in support of learning


-See the competence map (https://flamma.helsinki.fi/content/res/pri/HY350274).
-Student activities
-Description of how the teacher’s activities are documented

Lectures, exercises, reporting and presentation.


16. Assessment practices and criteria, grading scale


-See the competence map (https://flamma.helsinki.fi/content/res/pri/HY350274).
-The assessment practices used are directly linked to the learning outcomes and teaching
methods of the course.

Activity, exercises, exam, report and presentation. Grading 1-5.


17. Language

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