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This is the homepage of the of the weekly Astrophysics journal club at the Division of Particle physics and astrophysics at the University of Helsinki. The meetings are of an unofficial nature and the main driver is to get together and discuss recent interesting papers. This meeting differs from the Seminar series in that people are not expected to talk about their own research and in that no credits will be awarded to students. The meetings are open to everyone and the aim is to stimulate discussion about recent results and provide the possibility to
 learn about research that is not necessarily connected to one's own field of expertise.

All topics are welcome ranging from planetary science to larger scales involving stellar
 astrophysics, Milky Way studies, galaxies and cosmology.
The only requirement is that the
 presented papers should be interesting to a wider audience and that they should be presented 
in such a way that also a non-expert can follow the presentation. In the meetings we discuss one paper each week for about 45 minutes.
 All meetings are in English.

Location: From the reminder of the Spring semester 2020 the Journal club will be organised remotely on Zoom
Normal location: Conference room C310 on the third floor.

Time: Thursdays at 10.15-11.00am during term time.

Speakers: Please contact Peter Johansson, Mikael Granvik or Clif Kirkpatrick if you want to present a paper.

Present Program: The next talk will be on the 30th of April - Organised remotely on Zoom

Presenter: Natalia Lahén:
Paper title: Multiple populations in globular clusters and their parent galaxies
Authors: Milone, A.P., Marino, A.F., Da Costa, G.S. et al.
References: 2020, MNRAS, 491, 515

Abstract:  The 'chromosome map' diagram (ChM) proved a successful tool to identify and characterize multiple populations (MPs) in 59 Galactic globular clusters (GCs). Here, we construct ChMs for 11 GCs of both Magellanic Clouds (MCs) and with different ages to compare MPs in Galactic and extragalactic environments, and explore whether this phenomenon is universal through 'place' and 'time'. MPs are detected in five clusters. The fractions of 1G stars, ranging from ∼50 per cent to >80 per cent, are significantly higher than those observed in Galactic GCs with similar present-day masses. By considering both Galactic and MC clusters, the fraction of 1G stars exhibits: (i) a strong anticorrelation with the present-day mass, and (ii) with the present-day mass of 2G stars; (iii) a mild anticorrelation with 1G present-day mass. All Galactic clusters without MPs have initial masses smaller than ∼1.5 · 105 M but a mass threshold governing the occurrence of MPs seems challenged by massive simple-population MC GCs; (iv) Milky Way clusters with large perigalactic distances typically host larger fractions of 1G stars, but the difference disappears when we use initial cluster masses. These facts are consistent with a scenario where the stars lost by GCs mostly belong to the 1G. By exploiting recent work based on Gaia, half of the known Type II GCs appear clustered in a distinct region of the integral of motions space, thus suggesting a common progenitor galaxy. Except for these Type II GCs, we do not find any significant difference in the MPs between clusters associated with different progenitors.

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